Foothills Genealogical Society
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1.  
A census is an official counting of the population living in the United States on a designated day set at intervals. The census places an ancestor at a specific place at a specific time.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
2.  
The census is taken every 10 years on a designated census day by an "enumberator"' in a specific area known as an "enumeration" district or "ED" district. The first census was done in 1790. Most of the census records for 1890 were destroyed in a fire. There is a census of Civil War Veterans that can be use in place of the 1890 census. Census information is confidental for 72 years after it has been taken.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
3.  
Starting in 1880, an Enumeration District consisted of not more than 4,000 persons assigned to one enumerator or census taker.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
4.  
Don't assume that all information in the census is correct. It's only as good as the knowledge of the person reporting it. Census takers or "Enumerators" at times used "phonics" to spell the names. If there was no one at the household when the census taker came to the door, sometimes neighbors, friends or vistors gave the information.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
5.  
In addition to the census population count, there are a number of special censuses: Slave, Industry & Manufacturing, Agriculture, Morality, Social Statistics, Union Veteran and Widow, Defective, Dependent and Delinquent.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
6.  
Don't assume that all children listed belong to the wife or husband listed. This may be a second marriage and the children my be a combination of "his and hers" and theirs.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
7.  
Soundex is a system of coding names for the census based on sound rather than alphabetical spelling.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
8.  
Begin with the latest census available (1940) and work backwards. Federal census records begin with 1790. Before 1790 you can use Tax Lists and other local lists that might have been compiled according to the state/territory you are researching in.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
9.  
When you are doing census reserch be sure to look at least 10 families before and 10 families after the family you are reseaching. These families are most likely the friends and/or families of your ancestor. If you find your ancestor as the last person on the census page, make sure you check the next page for more information.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
10.  
Many states took their own census. This was done between the federal censuses, on years ending in "5" i.e. 1885, 1886, etc.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
11.  
The State of Connecticut held state census in the following years: 1636, 1709, 1756, 1762, 1774 and 1721,
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
12.  
New York State took a state census in the years: 1790 (Albany County), 1825, 1835, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915 and 1925.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
13.  
The Arizona Territory conducted a state census in: 1864, 1866, 1867, 1869, 1872, 1874, 1876, 1880, 1882.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
14.  
Florida Territory/State conducted a state census in the years of 1867, 1875, 1885, 1935 and 1945.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
15.  
Nebraska Territory/State held a state census in the following years of: 1855 and 1855.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
16.  
The Michigan 1810 Territorial Census Records are missing. Michigan held state census in the years of: 1854, 1864, 1874, 1884 and 1904.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
17.  
Minnesota conducted a state census in the following years: 1849, 1850, 1853, 1855, 1857, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895 and 1905.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
18.  
Massachusetts conducted a state census in : 1855 and 1865.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
19.  
Rhode Island conducted a state census in: 1774 (Colonial census), 1777 (Military census), 1782, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
20.  
New Jersey conducted a state census in: 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1905 and 1915.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
21.  
Church Records may include births, christenings, marriages, deaths and burials. Be sure you have the correct church/religious denomination.
[Located in Category: Church Records]
22.  
If you're not sure which church your ancestor attended, search the churches closest to home first and then broaden your search in ever-widening circles. Check for cemetery records with the chruch, Sexton and Funeral Directors. Older church sometimes have a cemetery next to the church.
[Located in Category: Church Records]
23.  
Cannon Law refers to Laws of the Church.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
24.  
Affidavit refers to a written and signed statement sworn in front of a court officer.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
25.  
An Administrator is an appointee of the court who settles the estate of a deceased who died without leaving a will.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
26.  
A collateral ancestory is an ancestor NOT in the direct line of ascent, but coming from the same ancestral family.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
27.  
Consanquinity means blood relationship.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
28.  
D.S.P. (died sine prole) means died without offspring.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
29.  
ae. or aet. is the Latin abbrevation meaning "at the age of".
[Located in Category: Definitions]
30.  
a.k.a. or aka is the abbreviation for "also known as".
[Located in Category: Definitions]
31.  
In EARLY American history, a daughter-in-law was a step-daughter or the wife of their son.
[Located in Category: Census Research Tips]
32.  
A Gazetteer is a geographical dictionary.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
33.  
Genealogy is the study of the origins and descent of families.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
34.  
Lineal descendant means being in the direct line of descent from an ancestor.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
35.  
An "alien" is a foreign-born resident of a country who has not been naturalized.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
36.  
An Atlas is a collection of maps.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
37.  
In EARLY American history, a cousin was a relative by blood or marriage of any degree outside the immediate family.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
38.  
In EARLY American history, a daughter-in-law was a step-daughter or the wife of their son.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
39.  
French Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries were known as Huguenots.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
40.  
A "PRIMARY" source is a record created at the time of, or shortly thereafter, an event or circumstance occurred.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
41.  
The term "relict" refers to a widow or widower.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
42.  
The Latin word "sic" used in a transcription indicates the preceding word has been trascribed exactly from the original.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
43.  
A "SOURCE" can be a book, record, object, or person supplying the information.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
44.  
A "SECONDARY" source may be material copied or compiled from other sources or written at a later date from memory.
[Located in Category: Definitions]
45.  
There are various types of deeds to property. The most common are the warranty deed which transfers property with "assurance of good title" and the quitclaim deed which tranfers one person's interest in the property "without guarantee of good title".
[Located in Category: Land Records]
46.  
When looking at deed indexes, be sure to look at both the "Grantor Index", an index to those selling the land and the "Grantee Index", an index to those buying the land.
[Located in Category: Land Records]
47.  
Many legal instruments other than deeds appear in deed books. They include Bills of Sale, Prenuptial Agreements, Powers of Attorney, Contracts, Affidavits, Wills and Inventories and Voter and Jury Lists.
[Located in Category: Land Records]
48.  
State Land States--are states that owned and distributed their lands. This includes the original 13 colonies, Kentucky, Maine, Tennessee, Vermont and West Virginia, Hawaii and Texas. They use "metes and bounds" to survey the land. (Metes is a measurement of boundary lines in terms of their distance and direction). The method of survey using a combination of directional and distance measurements with references to natural and artificial objects, that define a tract of land is called "Metes and Bounds".
[Located in Category: Land Records]
49.  
Federal Land States--were created from public domain, land the United States bought or acquired. The land was created into territories as the population spread out. Survey is done according to the rectangular survey system.
[Located in Category: Land Records]
50.  
The most important type of land record is a deed. The deed is a document conveying title of property from one party to another. Deeds establish proof of legal ownership of land.
[Located in Category: Land Records]